Unit1 How can we become good learners?


1. have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话

2. too…to… 太……而不能

3. the secret to… ……的秘诀

4. be afraid of doing sth./ be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事

5. look up 查阅

6. repeat out loud 大声跟读

7. make mistakes in 在……方面犯错误

8. connect ……with… 把……和……连接/联系起来

9. get bored 感到厌烦

10. be stressed out 焦虑不安的

11. pay attention to 注意;关注

12. depend on 取决于;依靠

13. the ability to do sth.. 做某事的能力


1. by + doing 通过……方式

2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论

The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

talk to sb= talk with sb 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

①What/ how about +doing sth.? 做…怎么样?

如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don't you + do sth.? 你为什么不做…?

如:Why don't you go shopping?

③Why not + do sth. ? 为什么不做…?

如:Why not go shopping?

④Let's + do sth. 让我们做…...吧。

如:Let's go shopping

⑤Shall we/I + do sth.? 我们/我...…好吗?

如:Shall we/I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多,常用于句末。

如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to... 太…...而不能

常用的句型:too+形容词/副词+ to do sth.

如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法,三个词都与“大声”或“响亮”有关。


②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。

如:She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。


如:He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not…at all 一点也不,根本不

如:I like milk very much, but I don't like coffee at all. 我非常喜欢牛奶,但是我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾。

8. be/get excited about sth. 对…...感到兴奋

9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事

如:The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

② end up with sth. 以…结束

如:The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10. first of all 首先

11. also 也、而且常在句子的中间

either 也常在句末

too 也 常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错

如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

make a mistake 犯一个错误

如:I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑

如:Don't laugh at me! 不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…,乐意做…

如:She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。

enjoy oneself 过得愉快

如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

18. one of ++名词复数形式 : …其中之一

如:She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. It's +形容词+ to do sth 做某事…

如:It's difficult to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。

句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English。

20. practice doing 练习做某事

如:She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事

如:LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless 如果不,除非,引导条件状语从句

如:You will fail unless you work hard. 假如你不努力你就会失败。

23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sb./ sth. 担心某人/某事

如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气

26. perhaps = maybe 也许

27. go by 过去 . 如:Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28. see sb / sth doing 看见某人正在做某事

如:She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她看见他正在教室里画画。

29. each other 彼此

30. regard… as … ;把…...看作为...…

如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many 许多,修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

too much 许多,修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

much too 太,修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful

32.change…into… 将…变为…

33. with the help of sb. = with one's help 在某人的帮助下

如:with the help of LiLei = with LiLei's help 在李雷的帮助下

34. compare…to… 把…比作...

35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词

instead of sth/doing sth 代替,而不是

如:I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。

Unit2 I think that moon cakes are delicious!


1. the Lantern Festival 元宵节

2. the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节

3. the Water Festival 泼水节

4. be fun to watch 看着很有意思

5. eat five meals a day 一天吃五餐

6. put on five pounds 体重增加了五磅

7. in two weeks 两星期之后

8. be similar to... 与.......相似

17. end up最终成为;最后处于

18. share sth. with sb. 与……分享……

19. as a result 结果

20. dress up 乔装打扮

21. haunted house 鬼屋

22. call out 大声呼喊

23. remind sb. of 使某人想起

24. sound like 听起来像  

25. treat sb. with. 用/以……对待某人

26. the beginning of new life 新生命的开始


1. What + a(n) + 形容词 + 可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语+其他)! 多么……的……!

2. How + 形容词/副词! ……多么……!

3. be going to 将要/打算……

4. in + 时间段 在……后

5. give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物;把某物给某人

6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事

7. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事

8. one of + 名词复数形式 ……之一


一. 宾语从句


1. 常由下面的一些词引导:

①由that 引导,表示陈述意义,that可省略

He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

②由if , whether引导,表示一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)

I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。

③由连接代词、连接副词(疑问词) 引导,表示特殊疑问意义

Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗?

2. 从句时态要与主句一致



He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。

I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

She wanted to know if I had finished m homework. 她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。

Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?

二. 感叹句


感叹句通常由 what 或 how 引导。现分述如下:

1. 由 what 引导的感叹句,其句子结构可分为以下三种:

①可用句型:“ What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

What a nice present it is! 它是一件多么好的礼物啊!  

②可用句型:“ What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花啊!

③可用句型:“ What +形容词+不可数名词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

What fine weather it is today! 今天天气多好啊!

2. 由 how 引导的感叹句,其句子结构也分为三种:

①可用句型:“ How +形容词 / 副词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:

How careful she is! 她多么细心啊!

How fast he runs! 他跑得多快啊!

②可用句型:“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。如:

How beautiful a girl she is! 她是个多么漂亮的姑娘啊!

③可用句型:“ How+主语+谓语!”。如:

How time flies! 光阴似箭!

3. 由 what 引导的感叹句与由 how 引导的感叹句有时可以转换,但句中部分单词的顺序要有所变化。如:

How beautiful a girl she is! = What a beautiful girl she is!

What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!

Unit3 Could you please tell me

where the restrooms are?


1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

2. be afraid of 害怕

3. from time to time 时常;有时

4. turn red 变红

5. take up 开始做,从事,占据

6. deal with 对付;应付

7. not…any more 不再

8. tons of attention 很多关注

9. worry about 担心

10. be careful 当心

11. hang out 闲逛

12. give up 放弃

13. thank about 考虑

14. a very small number of… 极少数的……

15. be alone 独处

16. give a speech 做演讲


1. ①问路常用的句子:

Do you know where is … ?

Can you tell me how can I get to …?

Could you tell me how to get to …?

②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 表示十分客气地询问事情

③Could you tell me how to get to the park? 请你告诉我怎么才能去邮局好吗?

上面句子中的how to get to the park是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句,相当于how I can get to the park

I don't know how to solve the problem=I don't know how I can solve the problem. 我不知道如何解决这个问题

Can you tell me when to leave? =Can you tell me when I will leave? 你能告诉我什么时候离开?

2. 日常交际用语:

take the elevator / escalator to the … floor 乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼

turn left / right == take a left / right 向左/ 右转

go straight 向前直走

3. next to 旁边、紧接着

Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。

4. between…and… 在…和…之间

Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

5. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?

上面句子中的to hang out修饰前面的名词place,是不定式作定语。

6. expensive 贵的 反义词:inexpensive 不贵的

7. crowded 拥挤的 反义词:uncrowded 不拥挤的

8. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假

9. dress up 打扮 dress up as 打扮成

He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要打扮成圣诞老人。

10. on the beach 在海滩上,介词用 on

11. depend on 根据、依靠、依赖、取决于

Living things depend on the sunlight. 生物对阳光有依赖性。

That depends on how you did it. 那取决于你怎样做这件事。

12. prefer 动词,更喜欢、宁愿,常用的结构有:

prefer sth. 更喜欢某事

I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。

prefer doing/to do 宁愿做某事

I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢…

I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。

prefer doing sth to doing sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。

prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事

I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。

13. on the other hand 另一方面

14. 把…借给某人:lend sb. sth. = lend sth to sb.

Lily lent me her book = Lily lent her book to me . 莉莉把她的书借给了我。

15. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事我觉得很抱歉、伤心。

16. in a way 在某种程度说

17. in order to do srh 为了…, 表目的。

He got up early in order to catch the first bus. 他起早床,是为了赶上头班公共汽车。

18. 同级比较:as…as...

as + 形容词/副词原级 + as , 表示“和…一样的…”

He works as hard as we. 他工作和我们同样努力。



Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark.


1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣

2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员

3. be terrified of 害怕

4. gym class 体操课

5. worry about 担心

6. all the time 一直,总是

7. chat with 与…闲聊

8. hardly ever 几乎从不

9. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学

take the bus to school = go to school by bus 乘车去上学

10. as well as 不仅…而且...


1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事 (这个知识点考的很多,大家要注意这个短语的意思,还要记着used后面用的是不定式to do)

如:He used to play football after school.


2. play the piano 弹钢琴

3. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣(对于这两个用法大家一定要掌握,切记切记)

如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

4. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

5. be terrified of sth. 害怕…… 如:I am terrified of the dog.

be terrified of doing sth. 害怕做…… 如:I am terrified of speaking.

6. spend 动词,表示“花费金钱、时间”

①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费

②spend…doing sth. 花费去做某事

如:He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着上。

He spend 3 months (in) building the bridge. 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。

7. take : 动词 ,有“花费时间”的意思,常用的结构有:

It takes sb to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。

如:It takes me a day to read the book.

8. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊

如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他聊天。

9. worry about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worry 是动词

be worried about sb./sth. 担心某人/某事 , worried 是形容词

如:Don't worry about him. 不用担心他。

Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担心他的儿子。

10. all the time 一直,始终

11. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方

如:A person took him to the hospital. 一个人把他送到了医院。

12. hardly adv. 几乎不、没有。hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前,

如:I can hardly understand them. 我几乎不能够明白他们。

I hardly have time to do it. 我几乎没有时间去做了。

13. in the last few years. 在过去的几年内,常与完成时连用 如:

I have lived in China in the last few years. 在过去的几年内我在中国住。

14. be different from 与...…不同

15. 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,构成不定式短语。

如:The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪。

16. make sb./sth. + 形容词 make you happy

make sb./sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh

17. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.

18. it seems that +从句 看起来好像……

如:It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他好像变了许多。

19. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人

help sbdo sth. 帮某人做某事

She helped me with English. 她帮助我学英语。

She helped mestudy English. 她帮助我学习英语。

20. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 ,15岁的如:a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩

fifteen years old 指年龄,15岁。

21. can't afford to do sth. 支付不起……

can't afford sth. 支付不起…

如:I can't afford to buy the car.=I can't afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。

22. as + 形容词/副词+ as sb+could/can 尽某人所能

如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。

23. get into trouble with 遇到麻烦

24. in the end 最后

25. make a decision :下决定,下决心

26. to one's surprise :令某人惊讶

如:to their surprise 令他们惊讶

to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶

27. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪

如:His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪

28. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心

如:You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋友。

29. be able to do sth. 能够,有能力做某事

如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。

30. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事

如:My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。

31. 不再 ①no more =no longer

如:I play tennis no more.我不再打网球。

②not …any more = not …any longer 如:

I don't play tennis any longer. 我不再打网球。





1. 肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

2. 否定陈述句+肯定提问 如:She doesn't come from China, does she?

3. 提问部分用代词而不用名词 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?

4. 陈述句中含有否定意义的词 如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等,其反意疑问句用肯定式。

如:He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

They hardly understood it, did they? 他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

5. 反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-, 等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义,问句部分用否定形式。如:Your father is unhappy, isn't he?

The man is dishonest, isn't he?

It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn't it?